Szymborska, a heavy smoker, died in her sleep of lung cancer Wednesday evening at her home in the southern city of Krakow, her personal secretary Michal Rusinek said. She died surrounded by relatives and friends, said Katarzyna Kolenda-Zaleska, a journalist and a friend of the poet. The Nobel award committee's citation called her the "Mozart of poetry," a woman who mixed the elegance of language with "the fury of Beethoven" and tackled serious subjects with humor. While she was arguably the most popular poet in Poland, most of the world had not heard of the shy, soft-spoken Szymborska before she won the Nobel prize.
She spent her early childhood there, ne! Inwhen Szymborska was eight, her family moved to the historic city of Krakow—as much the informal capital of southern Poland as Poznan Wislawa szymborska of its western reaches—to settle down for good.
When the Gimnazjum was shut down during the Nazi German occupation of the city, she attended underground classes, Wislawa szymborska her final exams in the spring of During the war, she began to write short stories, of which she has remained critical. After the war Szymborska studied first Polish philology and then sociology at the Jagiellonian University in Krakow but never completed a degree.
The Postwar Years The war had a profound effect on Szymborska. The poem expresses the inadequacy of language in the face of the personal and collective experience of war.
These poems and others of this period were published in newspapers and periodicals, and only a few of them were ever anthologized, generally much later. Socialist realism was a movement promoted by the government of the Soviet Union as a way to ensure that all art contributed positively to society; to this end, the movement emphasized optimism and pride in communist ideals and cultural triumphs.
The movement also worked against those artists who sought to question those in power or the current state of society. She was accused of writing poetry that was inaccessible to the masses and too preoccupied with the horrors of war.
A two-year poetic silence followed. The marriage ended in divorce in Krupnicza Street played an important role in the literary life of Poland in the postwar period. Following World War IIseveral dozen poets, writers, and translators shared close quarters and dined together at the Krupnicza complex, including Czeslaw MiloszJerzy Andrzejewski, poet Artur Miedzyrzecki, Maciej Slomczynski Shakespeare translator and author of Wislawa szymborska novels under the pen name Joe Alexpoets Konstanty Ildefons Galczynski and Anna Swieszczynska, and the foremost postwar scholar of Polish literature, Artur Sandauer.
Some lived there for a short period of time, awaiting the rebuilding of Warsaw, but for Szymborska and others it was to be home for many years.
Szymborska worked as an assistant editor in publishing houses untilwhen she became the editor of the poetry section of the Krakow-based weekly Zycie Liter-ackie Literary Lifea position she held until She remained on the board as a regular contributor until She distances herself from the demand to speak for others the worker, the country, the partyelecting to speak only in her own subjective voice.
Calling Out to Yeti has been considered a transitional volume, one in which her basic themes begin to take shape. Solidarity and Support During the s, Polish protesters held mass anticommunism demonstrations.
Although her sympathies were aroused by the growing political opposition, Szymborska remained hesitant to adopt the role of spokesperson for political causes, perhaps because she felt she had earlier misplaced her trust in the promise of socialism.
For Szymborska, the s were a relatively prolific period. She produced two volumes of poetry, both marked by a strong existentialist streak. With the emergence of the Solidarity movement inthe Society and similar initiatives found themselves briefly freed from earlier encumbrances.
Szymborska began her affiliation with the newly formed Krakow journal Pismo Writingthe editorial board of which included many of her closest friends, among them fiction writer and poet Kornel Filipowicz, her longtime companion.
Following the declaration of martial law on December 13,the composition of the editorial board of Pismo shrank as the government imposed demands on it, and Szymborska began to distance herself. Similarly, Szymborska terminated her thirty-year association with Zycie Literackie during this period.
When it was published, People on the Bridge garnered her praise and several awards, including one from the Ministry of Culture, which she declined, and the Solidarity Prize, which she accepted.
Renowned playwright and author, Havel was both the last president of Czechoslovakia and the first president of the independent Czech Republic. Cofounder of the New Journalism movement of the s and s incorporating literary techniques into reportingWolfe is renowned for his fast-paced, technically brilliant nonfiction chronicles of contemporary society.
Sebald has been hailed by many as the greatest German writer of the postwar period; his novels are known for their lucid but surreal shifts in perspective and style. Szymborska won her most prestigious award, the Nobel Prize in Literature, in Despite, or perhaps due to, giving the shortest acceptance speech in literary Nobel history, she went from being an intensely private person to a public figure, vigorously pursued by the media.
Since then, however, Szymborska has continued to be known for her quiet way of life and unwillingness to embrace the status of a celebrity. She shuns public gatherings, rarely travels abroad, hates being photographed or interviewed, and, except for her human rights and democratic reform activities, refuses to be involved in partisan politics.
She is nevertheless quite involved in the cultural landscape of Krakow and maintains lively contacts with a small circle of friends. Her dislike of being in the limelight is by no means a sign of antisocial inclinations.
Simple Details Szymborska emphasizes and examines the chance happenings of daily life and of personal relations in her poetry. She refuses to wear the cloak of the prophet and harbors no illusions about changing the world or even the local political landscape with her poetry.
As a result, she writes with the liberation of a jester.Wisława Szymborska (Polish pronunciation: [vʲisˈwava ʂɨmˈbɔrska], born July 2, in Kórnik, Poland) is a Polish poet, essayist and translator/5(K). Wislawa Szymborska Quotes.
Collection of Poems and Quotes by Wislawa Szymborska from Famous Poets and Poems. Wislawa Szymborska, Bnin, Polonia. 15K likes. Wislawa Szymborska escribía unos poemas transparentes que miraban el mundo desde un ángulo nuevo que se.
by Wislawa Szymborska (translated from the Polish by Joanna Trzeciak) Go to: An Audible Anthology Poetry Pages. Out of every hundred people, those who always know better. The great Polish poet disclaimed grand political schemes in favor of irony, wit, skepticism and the individual.
Wislawa Szymborska was born in Kornik in Western Poland on 2 July Since she has been living in Krakow, where during she studied Polish Literature and .