Roosevelt assigned William J. Donovan to develop a plan for an intelligence service. This was after being disbanded by President Harry S. Truman in as well.
On 13 JunePresident Franklin D. An earlier attempt to do so, through the Office of the Coordinator of Information COIformed 11 Julyhad failed to achieve any real success because of unclear lines of authority and bureaucratic jealousies among the various government agencies concerned.
As a part of the plan for establishing the OSS, some of the COI functions, such as domestic information activities, became the responsibility of the newly formed Office of War Information.
The OSS took on others: Throughout its existence, the organization of the OSS constantly changed as it grew to an eventual strength of 12, personnel. Basically, the OSS consisted of a headquarters and various subordinate offices in and near Washington, D.
Three branches of the OSS exemplified the breadth and scope of its operations. The secret intelligence branch dealt with sabotage, spying, demolitions, secret radio communications, and paramilitary functions.
The morale operations branch handled the propaganda functions vested in the OSS. The research and analysis office gathered extensive information on all aspects of the areas in which U. The OSS collected even the most trivial data and used it to further the war effort. All three branches had agents in both enemy and neutral areas.
It is the secret intelligence area from which the OSS gained much of its glamour. Many of its operations were in fact more dramatic than the fictionalized accounts found in books and films. In Burma, for example, a small OSS unit of twenty men operated behind Japanese lines with such success that it likely killed or wounded more than 15, of the enemy.
Beginning inOSS personnel, along with British and other Allied teams, took part in the Jedburgh operation, which sent hundreds of three-man teams into France and the Low Countries to organize and aid underground forces in advance of the invasion of Europe.
Inanother group smuggled an Italian inventor out of his German-occupied homeland to the United Stateswhere he was able to produce an effective counter-measure to the torpedo he had designed for the Germans. The departments of state and war split the functions, personnel, and records of the office.
It was the experience gained by the OSS that laid the foundation for the Central Intelligence Agencyestablished in Research and Analysis in the Office of Strategic Services, — Harvard University Press, The Women of the OSS.
Naval Institute Press, Prelude to Cold War. New HavenConn.: Yale University Press, History of the CIA; Office of Strategic Services both now under the War Department in a new office dubbed the Strategic Services Unit. Some 13, men and women worked for the Office of Strategic Services (OSS), the U.S.
intelligence agency during World War II and the forerunner of the modern CIA. OFFICE OF STRATEGIC SERVICESOFFICE OF STRATEGIC SERVICES. On 13 June , President Franklin D. Roosevelt created the Office of Strategic Services (OSS) to centralize the nation's fragmented and.
(Record Group ) (bulk ) Overview of Records Locations. Table of Contents. Administrative History ; Records of the Office of the Director of Strategic Services(ODSS.
The Office of Strategic Services (OSS) Society honors the historic accomplishments of the OSS during World War II, the predecessor to the CIA and the U.S. Special Operations Command.
It educates the American public about the importance of strategic intelligence and . Find out more about the history of President Franklin D. Roosevelt established the Office of Strategic Services and Castro remained in office for many.