Origins[ edit ] Ali is considered to be the "Father of Sufism" in Islam. Ernst the earliest figures of Sufism are Muhammad himself and his companions Sahabah. By pledging allegiance to Muhammad, the Sahabah had committed themselves to the service of God.
It is seen as that aspect of Islamic teaching that deals with the purification of inner self. By focusing on the more spiritual aspects of religion, Sufis strive to obtain direct experience of God by making use of "intuitive and emotional faculties" that one must be trained to use.
The Kubrawiya order was founded in the 13th century by Najmuddin Kubra in Bukhara in modern-day Uzbekistan. Mouride is most prominent in Senegal and The Gambiawith headquarters in the holy city of Touba, Senegal.
It is considered by some to be a "sober" order known for its silent dhikr remembrance of God rather than the vocalized forms of dhikr common in other orders. The Noorbakshia order,  also called Nurbakshia,   claims to trace its direct spiritual lineage and chain silsilah to the Islamic prophet Muhammadthrough Aliby way of Ali Al-Ridha.
The Oveysi or Uwaiysi order claims to have been founded 1, years ago by Uwais al-Qarni from Yemen.
The Qadiri order is one of the oldest Sufi Orders. The Qadiriyyah have not developed any distinctive doctrines or teachings outside of mainstream Islam. They believe in the fundamental principles of Islam, but interpreted through mystical experience. Senussi is a religious-political Sufi order established by Muhammad ibn Ali as-Senussi.
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As-Senussi founded this movement due to his criticism of the Egyptian ulema. The Tijaniyyah order attach a large importance to culture and education, and emphasize the individual adhesion of the disciple murid.
Schools of jurisprudence[ edit ].The Characteristics of Mysticism, a Branch of Islam. 1, words. 5 pages. An Introduction to the Mythology of St. Philomena. words. 1 page. A Biography of St. Benedict of Nursia. words. 1 page. An Essay on the Spread of Islam and Christianity.
words. 2 pages. A Personal Account of the Involvement in the Christian Youth Group. al-Ghazali: professor of theology that sought to synthesize the legalistic and mystical schools of Islam; prescribed Sufism as a remedy for spiritual ills, but still considered mystics to be bound by the ritual duties of the orthodox faith.
Islam is the religion of truth. It is the embodiment of the code of life, which Allah, the Creator and Lord of the Universe, has revealed for the guidance of mankind. Islam is an Arabic word which denotes submission, surrender and obedience. As a religion, Islam stands for complete submission and.
Branches of Islam. 1. The Sunnis ("traditionalists") 85% of Muslims are Sunnis; Sunnis consider themselves the guardians of Islamic orthodoxy and tradition as established by Muhammad and the four "rightly guided caliphs" Sources of Religious and Legal authority are the Qur'an and hadith;.
No branch of Islam more clearly illustrates the joyous, celebratory, and colorful aspects of Islam more than Sufism. Sufism is a branch of the Islamic religion that emphasizes mysticism. In this branch, the seeker begins by purifying the lower self of every corrupting influence that stands in the way of recognizing all of creation as the work of God, as God's active Self-disclosure or theophany.
This is the way of Imam Al-Ghazali and of the majority of the Sufi orders. Practical Mysticism in Islam and.