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Functionalism in Context of Psychology Structuralism and functionalism Structualism and functionlism paper the first two theoretical approaches to psychology that attempted to use a scientific approach to study human behavior and mind. Read this PsycholoGenie post for details about their functioning and objectives.
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Even though structuralism and functionalism were the first schools of thought to emerge in the field of psychology, eventually, both lost dominance and were replaced by other theories like psychoanalysis, humanism, and behaviorism.
Psychology emerged as a separate discipline and subject, distinct in its structure and form from subjects like philosophy and biology in the late s.
And with that, there came about several theories that attempted to theoretically study the crux of human behavior. The basic tenet of these theories rested on the premise that, like other subjects, it should be possible to study human behavior as well, and the varied theories focused on ways in which this could be done in the most effective manner.
Two of the first theoretical approaches to psychology were the theories of structuralism and functionalism, both starkly different in their study of the human mind. In this PsycholoGenie article, we will take you through the underlying principles of these theories, what they embody, how they are different in their approaches, and how they work.
Functionalism The Structuralism Theory The history of structuralism can be traced back to Wilhelm Wundt, who is most often referred to as the father of structuralism and psychology.
Wundt formulated that it was possible to study human behavior as a scientific enterprise, just like other sciences, Structualism and functionlism paper in order to do this, in the yearhe founded the first laboratory dedicated to psychological research.
Characteristics Wundt was a firm believer in the fact that the mind could be studied effectively by studying the conscious thoughts of a person.
However, it was his student, Edward B. Titchener who expanded on the ideas that were set forth by Wundt and came up with the theory of structuralism as we know of it today.
He defined consciousness as the sum total of mental experience that a person has at any given moment, and the mind as the accumulated experience of a lifetime. He firmly believed that if these basic components of the mind could be understood, defined, and categorized, then the structure of mental processes and higher thinking could be determined as well.
The basis of reasoning that he used to study the structure of the mind was to understand what each element of the mind was, how those elements interacted with each other, and why they interacted in the ways that they did. Similar to Wundt, Titchener used introspection as his primary method of research as well.
Introspection focuses on training people to concentrate on the varied stimuli that are presented to them, and thereafter, to report their conscious experiences as they react to them. However, unlike Wundt, Titchener adhered to very strict guidelines for the reporting of an introspective analysis.
It was said that consciousness cannot be studied under controlled experimentation because it is a subjective matter, which cannot be observed and thereby measured.
And secondly, the tool that was used to measure the consciousness, i. The Functionalism Theory The theory of functionalism came about as a reaction to the structuralism theory.
The earliest proponent of the theory was William James who is often referred to as the father of the functionalism theory; he based the theory on the evolutionary theory theory of natural selection of Charles Darwin.
Characteristics The functionalism theory focused on explaining consciousness in a more systematic and accurate manner. Rather than concentrating on the varied elements of consciousness, it focused on the purpose of consciousness and behavior. The theory studied the mental life and behavior of people based on their adaptation to the environment.
In that, the theory concentrated less on studying the composition of the mind, and more on examining the ways in which the mind adapts to the changing environment and situations.
This theory believed that the brain evolves for the purpose of bettering the survival of its carrier. Such that, if the characteristics of a species including the processes of the brain did not serve any purpose, they would not be selected to survive by nature.
Criticism for the Theory The theory was criticized on the basis of its area of study. Psychologists argued that the theory was extremely objective in its approach and completely ignored the subjective tendencies of human behavior.
In that, it was simply not possible to observe and study human behavior in such an objective manner. The similarities and differences between structuralism and functionalism are simple to list; while both theories use the study of the human consciousness at its base, the ways in which these studies are carried forth is starkly different.COMPARE AND CONTRAST STRUCTURALISM AND FUNCTIONALISM In my opinion both of the theories structuralism and functionalism involved the study of the human mind and how it works and they were both concerned with the mind at the conscious level.
Functionalism Psychology research papers look into the major school of thought in psychology. Functionalism is a well-known psychological theory that research papers show began in America. Famous functionalists can each be a separate topic or a writer can write on the broad topic of Functionalism in America.
Structural functionalism 1 Structural functionalism Structural functionalism, or in many contexts simply functionalism, is a broad perspective in sociology and anthropology which sets out to interpret society as a structure with interrelated parts.
Structuralism Vs. Functionalism in Context of Psychology. Structuralism and functionalism were the first two theoretical approaches to psychology that attempted to use a scientific approach to study human behavior and mind.
Read this PsycholoGenie post for details about their functioning and objectives. Research Paper Starter You'll also get access to more than 30, additional guides and , Homework Help questions answered by .
Both structuralism and functionalism are mentalisms; this means the mind is the subject of every study. They are different, however, in how the mind is viewed. This paper will compare and contrast the ideas.
and theories of structuralism and functionalism, and explore how, if at all, these theories are being practiced in psychology today.