Singer tries to influence the reader of this article to take action and offer support for the increased suffering due to famine. In his article, he includes arguments that illustrate the moral importance that should be given to the suffering.
His principle of equal consideration of interests does not dictate equal treatment of all those with interests, since different interests warrant different treatment.
All have an interest in avoiding pain, for instance, but relatively few have an interest in cultivating their abilities. Not only does his principle justify different treatment for different interests, but it allows different treatment for the same interest when diminishing marginal utility is a factor.
For example, this approach would privilege a starving person's interest in food over the same interest of someone who is only slightly hungry. Among the more important human interests are those in avoiding pain, in developing one's abilities, in satisfying basic needs for food and shelter, in enjoying warm personal relationships, in being free to pursue one's projects without interference, "and many others".
Singer holds that a being's interests should always be weighed according to that being's concrete properties.
The Problem of Poverty in Famine, Affluence, and Morality by Peter Singer - Peter Singer is often regarded as one of the most productive and influential philosophers of modern times. “Famine, Affluence, and Morality” name PHI Ethics and Moral Reasoning instructor date Peter Singer’s goal in “Famine, Affluence, and Morality was to convince people that the people as well as the governments should help with famine relief, primarily in East Bengal. Famine, Affluence, and Morality PHI Famine, Affluence, and Morality In the article, Peter Singer’s purpose is to draw attention and bring apprehension to the fashion the world’s people are being tormented directly to natural disasters and poverty. He also analyzes the amount of people struggling to survive in account to living under the.
The journey model is tolerant of some frustrated desire and explains why persons who have embarked on their journeys are not replaceable. Only a personal interest in continuing to live brings the journey model into play. This model also explains the priority that Singer attaches to interests over trivial desires and pleasures.
Ethical conduct is justified by reasons that go beyond prudence to "something bigger than the individual", addressing a larger audience. Singer thinks this going-beyond identifies moral reasons as "somehow universal", specifically in the injunction to 'love thy neighbour as thyself', interpreted by him as demanding that one give the same weight to the interests of others as one gives to one's own interests.
This universalising step, which Singer traces from Kant to Hare, : Universalisation leads directly to utilitarianism, Singer argues, on the strength of the thought that one's own interests cannot count for more than the interests of others.
Taking these into account, one must weigh them up and adopt the course of action that is most likely to maximise the interests of those affected; utilitarianism has been arrived at. Singer's universalising step applies to interests without reference to who has them, whereas a Kantian's applies to the judgments of rational agents in Kant's kingdom of ends, or Rawls 's Original Position, etc.
Singer regards Kantian universalisation as unjust to animals. Effective altruism and world poverty[ edit ] Main article: Effective altruism Singer at an effective altruism conference in Melbourne in Singer's ideas have contributed to the rise of effective altruism.
While Singer has previously written at length about the moral imperative to reduce poverty and eliminate the suffering of nonhuman animals, particularly in the meat industryhe writes about how the effective altruism movement is doing these things more effectively in his book, The Most Good You Can Do.
He is a board member of Animal Charity Evaluators, a charity evaluator used by many members of the effective altruism community which recommends the most cost-effective animal advocacy charities and interventions. TLYCS was founded after Singer released his eponymous bookin which he argues more generally in favour of giving to charities that help to end global poverty.
In particular, he expands upon some of the arguments made in his essay " Famine, Affluence, and Morality ", in which he posits that citizens of rich nations are morally obligated to give at least some of their disposable income to charities that help the global poor.
He supports this using the drowning child analogy, which states that most people would rescue a drowning child from a pond, even if it meant that their expensive clothes were ruined, so we clearly value a human life more than the value of our material possessions.
As a result, we should take a significant portion of the money that we spend on our possessions and instead donate it to charity. Published inAnimal Liberation  has been cited as a formative influence on leaders of the modern animal liberation movement. There are far more differences, for instance, between a great ape and an oyster, for example, than between a human and a great ape, and yet the former two are lumped together as "animals", whereas we are considered "human" in a way that supposedly differentiates us from all other "animals.Jul 06, · Best Answer: a.
Singer tells you his goal and presents you with his arguments. His goal is to persuade us that both persons and governments ought to help with famine relief, particularly in "East Bengal" for one leslutinsduphoenix.com: Resolved.
Dec 23, · First of all, aren't you glad you found "Famine, affluence, and morality?" I think some popular counter arguments are generally whatever the current anti-utilitarian arguments are. Famine, Affluence, and Morality Essay Words | 4 Pages In the article by Singer, P.
() “Famine, affluence, and morality” main argument is that to persuade his readers in what people of wealth and governments should help with famine relief, especially in East Bengal as one example given.
Famine Affluence And Morality Essay. While the free essays can give you inspiration for writing, they cannot be used 'as is' because they will not meet your assignment's requirements.
If you are in a time crunch, then you need a custom written term paper on your subject (famine affluence and morality). -Singer's Famine, Affluence, and Morality is an important influential argument that better off people should do more to alleviate poverty.
Everyone should read it.- --Gilbert Harman, Princeton University "Peter Singer's 'Famine, Affluence, and Morality' is the single most important text in applied ethics. PETER SINGER Famine, Affluence, and Morality As I write this, in November Ig7I, people are dying in East Bengal from lack of food, shelter, and medical care.
The suffering and death that are occurring there now are not inevitable, not unavoidable in.