Roman contributions to western civilization essay

How to Write a Summary of an Article? The Roman made countless contributions to Western Civilization, but a few are the most significant of all. Rome, unified under one government, made possible the passing of information very quickly, thus greatly assisting the spread of Christianity. Even in the wake of persecution from such rulers as Diocletian and Maximian, Christianity continued to grow in strength.

Roman contributions to western civilization essay

How to Write a Summary of an Article? Greek knowledge was ascendant in philosophy, physics, chemistry, medicine, and mathematics for nearly two thousand years. The Romans did not have the Greek temperament for philosophy and science, but they had a genius for law and civil administration.

They invented concrete, perfected the arch, and constructed roads and bridges that remain in use today. But neither the Greeks nor the Romans had much appreciation for technology. The technological society that transformed the world was conceived by Europeans during the Middle Ages.

Greeks and Romans were notorious in their disdain for technology. Greek and Roman economies were built on slavery. Strabo described the slave market at Delos as capable of handling the sale of 10, slaves a day. With an abundant supply of manual labor, the Romans had little incentive to develop artificial or mechanical power sources.

Technical occupations such as blacksmithing came to be associated with the lower classes. But the unwritten history of technological progress continued.

In northern and western Europe, there was never a period of regression. The Christian ethic of universal brotherhood slowly spread through Europe, and slavery began to disappear. Tribes and peoples became united under a common creed.

Europeans not only embraced technology, but they also developed the idea of a universal society based upon respect for the dignity and worth of the individual human being.

From the sixth through the ninth centuries AD, Europeans adopted new agricultural technologies that dramatically increased productivity.


Formerly unproductive lands were transformed into arable cropland. As soon as the horse began to pull, he would choke himself. In the ninth century, Europeans began to use a padded horse collar that transferred the load of a draught animal to its shoulders.

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Horses harnessed with collars were able to pull four to five times more weight than those with throat-and-girth harnesses. Horse power was also facilitated by the introduction of the iron shoe. With fast-moving horses harnessed efficiently, it became possible to transport goods up to 35 kilometers in one day if a sufficiently good road was available.

There was now a way to dispose of agricultural surpluses and create wealth that could be used for investment in technology and infrastructure. Thus, the introduction of the lowly horseshoe and collar fostered commerce, civilization, and the growth of towns.

Under the Roman system of two-field crop rotation, half the land was left fallow and unproductive at any given time. In the eighth century, Europeans began to practice three-field crop rotation. Fields lay fallow for only a third of the year, and grains were alternated with legumes that enriched the soil with nitrogen.

The cultivation of legumes such as peas and beans added valuable protein to European diets. In the tenth century, the climate began to warm, and Europe entered the High Middle Ages.

By the thirteenth century, the new agricultural technologies had doubled per acre yields. Population surged; architecture and commerce flourished.

Europeans began a program of aggressive territorial expansion. They reclaimed Sicily in and systematically drove Muslims out of Spain. The prosperity created by the new agricultural technologies subsidized education and the growth of knowledge.

In the late eighth century, Charlemagne had revived education in Europe by setting up a general system of schools. For the first time, not just monks, but also the general public were educated. As the European economy prospered, students multiplied and traveled, seeking the best education they could find.Contributions Made by the Romans to Western Civilization - The ancient Romans had many contributions that were important to the western civilization.

Ancient Egypt's Religious Contributions to Western Civilization Essay Ancient Egypt’s Religious Contributions to Western Civilization Behind all aspects of life of those who dwelt on the Nile in ancient times—behind their art, political structure and cultural achievements-one may sense forces at work which are religious in origin.

The Ancient Greek civilization made significant contributions to western civilization in the areas of government, philosophy, and math and science. Now government is a system of control citizens, societies and states. The ancient Romans had many contributions that were important to the western civilization.

Some of their contributions include the aqueducts, public baths, markets, and juries.

Roman contributions to western civilization essay

The Romans were also the greatest builders of the ancient western world. Roman Contributions to Western Civilization Attached is a file for paper assignment instruction. I want an essay that focuses on Roman contribution to Western civilization, with a focus on law, language (Latin), and the use of concrete/aqueducts.

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