Resilience health and literature review page

Background[ edit ] Resilience is generally thought of as a "positive adaptation" after a stressful or adverse situation. Resilience is the integrated adaptation of physical, mental and spiritual aspects in a set of "good or bad" circumstances, a coherent sense of self that is able to maintain normative developmental tasks that occur at various stages of life. Resiliency allows a person to rebound from adversity as a strengthened and more resourceful person.

Resilience health and literature review page

Open in a separate window In addition to these scores by separate component, the authors also presented comparisons by composite score.

For bands with a composite score of 0, meaning they had none of the components of cultural continuity, the suicide rate was For bands with the composite score of 6, meaning they had all six components of cultural continuity present, the youth suicide rate was 0.

More recently, Hallett and colleagues added a language component to the previous six factors and found that a simple language-use indicator was an even stronger predictor of resistance to suicide than any of the above six cultural continuity factors.

Importance of context for measurement In the latter part of the s, Rutter began to argue that resilience was a process, not a trait.

Resilience health and literature review page

It is not enough, he argued, to identify protective factors, because these do not create resilience in all cases. Resilience is created when these factors initiate certain processes in the individual.

Rutter identified three such processes: Researchers have also begun to insist that the process of resilience is specific to a given context, domain, and age. For example, Luthar contrasts different styles of monitoring and regulation of adolescent behaviour by parents according to race, socioeconomic status, and geography.

In a suburban, North American, middle-income family, very strict monitoring might be excessive and overcontrolling and could result in opposition and defiance among adolescent children.

Build a bibliography or works cited page the easy way

In a low-income, inner city family, such parental behaviour could well be perceived as loving and supportive by adolescents if there is immediate threat of multiple substantial risks in the neighbourhood.

The example consistently used is that of an academically successful adolescent who quietly suffers emotional distress and social isolation. This young person may be educationally resilient but not emotionally or socially resilient. In a similar way, both normal development and resilience are understood as processes happening in time; the forms of competence that might constitute resilience will depend on the tasks that confront the child given his or her age.

Also, resilience requires the presence of substantial risk or adversity, resiliency does not. Many researchers also distinguish resilience from the following terms: The distinction they draw between resilience and these last two terms is twofold: Conceptualizing Risk The common qualifying condition for resilience, as viewed by most researchers, is the presence of demonstrable, substantial risk facing the individual.

Researchers in this field often use the terms adversity and stress as roughly comparable to the term risk. Most authors appear content to define risk in terms of statistical probabilities: The identification of vulnerability and protective factors is important because risk factors can have a greater effect when occurring together with other risk factors than they do when occurring in isolation Rutter, ; ; ; Sameroff et al.

The identification of vulnerability factors thus helps in the search for actual causal mechanisms or processes. There are many kinds of vulnerabilities: Indigenous communities often have to deal with their own particular set of vulnerabilities.

Vulnerability and Cumulative Risk in North American Indigenous Communities Recent literature has identified two kinds of risk factors that have a significant effect on resilience in Indigenous communities.

One is associated with racism. A second set of risk factors involves historical loss or trauma and unresolved historical grief. In the s, some important theoretical and conceptual work aimed at understanding the impact of Western colonialism and genocide on Indigenous people in North America became the basis for clinical interventions to heal unresolved historical grief and historical trauma response Solkoff, ; Duran and Duran, ; Brave Heart, ; ; Brave Heart and DeBruyn, reviews and/or meta analyses, literature reviews, and if they met the following inclusion criteria: published in English, included children and youth up to the age of 24 years in the study population, and assessed or discussed the effectiveness of resilience interventions.

Literature Review of Health Promotions Grand Canyon University NRS September 12, Literature Review Traditionally the United States health care system has been sickness-oriented.

However, in the last two decades, a new paradigm has emerged. Resilience Theory: A Literature Review Page i CHAPTER TWO: INDIVIDUAL RESILIENCE 2.

National Center on Domestic Violence, Trauma & Mental Health

1 INTRODUCTION TO INDIVIDUAL RESILIENCE Resilience is the capacity to maintain competent functioning in the face of major life stressors. Auto Suggestions are available once you type at least 3 letters.

Use up arrow (for mozilla firefox browser alt+up arrow) and down arrow (for mozilla firefox browser alt+down arrow) to review and enter to select. "Resilience is a psychological concept that has excited many investigators and practitioners, but it has been difficult to define clearly or measure reliably.

Literature Review of Health Promotions Grand Canyon University NRS September 12, Literature Review Traditionally the United States health care system has been sickness-oriented.

However, in the last two decades, a new paradigm has emerged. This new paradigm emphasizes wellness rather than sickness. As a result in this change in focus, health promotion is now an integral .

Climate resilience - Wikipedia