Institutional Constraints and Deforestation: An Application to Mexico Study from: Following Norththis article hypothesizes that effective rural institutions may impose additional costs on tropical deforestation through agricultural conversion. This allows a formal agricultural household analysis of institutional constraints on deforestation and therefore a method of empirically testing whether there is any significant difference in the actual level of forest land conversion under institutional constraints [collectively owned and managed land or ejido] compared to the level of conversion under pure open access.
A dynamic panel analysis for agricultural planted area in Mexico at state level and over the —85 period confirms that institutional constraints on land clearing affected deforestation during the pre-NAFTA era [ie institutional constraints limited agricultural expansion compared to pure open access].
Institutional constraints and deforestation: An application to Mexico. This paper examines evidence of the effects of economic liberalization and globalization on rural resource degradation in developing countries.
The principal resource effects of concern are processes of land use change leading to forestland conversion, degradation and deforestation.
Such reforms have clearly spurred agroindustrialization, rural development and economic growth, but there is also concern that there may be direct and indirect impacts on rural resource degradation. However, there may also be indirect effects if agroindustrial development displaces landless, near-landless and rural poor generally, who then migrate to marginal agricultural lands and forest frontier regions.
This paper explores these direct and indirect effects of globalization and agroindustrialization on rural resource degradation both generally, plus through examining case study evidence.
The paper focuses in particular on the examples of structural adjustment, trade liberalization and agricultural development in Ghana, and maize sector liberalization in Mexico under North American Free Trade Agreement NAFTA. Links between economic liberalization and rural resource degradation in the developing regions.
Mexico El Salto Region Abstract: In this analysis the costs and benefits received by the owners of the land in ejido La Victoria, where a dam is to be built, were compared.
Scenarios were analyzed considering the inclusion of subsidies and government transfers to the ejidatarios if necessary, to encourage their cooperation, by allowing to build the dam on their land and accepting to perform actions for the maintenance and conservation of protective vegetation in the microbasin, for the 60 years comprising project.
In this case the costs are assumed by the Ejidatarios and by the government. Spain Murcia and Turkey Karapinaralso: Cape Verde, Mexico, Turkey Eski?
This can sometimes means that SLM technologies are only adopted across small areas. This case study focuses on workshops in which stakeholders evaluated the performance of SLM technologies based on scientific monitoring and modelling results.
We analysed workshop outcomes from 15 dryland study sites to evaluate how scientific and model results affected perceptions of local SLM technologies, assessing the potential of this approach in facilitating wider acceptance and implementation of SLM.
In several sites, stakeholder preferences for SLM technologies changed as a consequence of field measurements and modelling assessments.
Workshops from two study sites Spain and Turkey were used to: In Spain, four SLM strategies had been selected by participants for field trials in south-eastern Spain.
Three of them were perceived as easy to implement, economically feasible and effective towards protection of soil and water. Although the ranking of the technologies changed in light of the scientific monitoring and modelling information, overall it encouraged Spanish land users to pursue the use of all technologies except mulching.
Minimum tillage field experiments unexpectedly gave low yields and fared poorly in stakeholder evaluations in comparison with the other strategies.
This resulted in their de-prioritisation due to their economic implications, which presented an associated opportunity cost for land users.You are currently offline.
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Issued June 28, Analysis of the Effects of Microfinance on Poverty Reduction: Overview The poorest and poverty reduction have become the object of unprecedented attention at international summits in the ’s.
Canada, through the Canadian International Development. Research at EIFTRI Research is one of the core activities, AEMFI-EIFTRI undertakes. The institute does research which are not only confined to inclusive finance area but also are interlinked with other related areas of interest that require investigation and inquiry if their themes support economic development and poverty alleviation.
Timnit Gebru. (Forbes) Forbes.
The Future Global Leaders Fellowship is an accelerator for top students from humble backgrounds who want to become members of the Fortis Society . Financial Sustainability and Outreach of Microfinance Institutions in Ethiopia: Does Organizational Form Matter? Gashaw Tadesse and Borzaga, Carlo and Getnet, Kindie, Financial Sustainability and Outreach of Microfinance Institutions in Ethiopia: Does Organizational Form Matter? Research Paper Series; Conference Papers; Partners . Ethiopian MFIs, the Association of Ethiopian Microfinance Institutions (AEMFI), and donor organizations supporting microfinance in Ethiopia (Annex 4). It also involved a review of secondary sources of information on microfinance in Ethiopia, including project documents, background papers, and research reports (Annex 5).
Meet Timnit Gebru. Born and raised in Ethiopia, Gebru immigrated to the US at 16 to earn her PhD from Stanford Artificial Intelligence Laboratory and just finished her year as a post-doctoral researcher at Microsoft Research in New York.
Impact of Microcredit Programs on Female Headed Households in Jimma Zone, Ethiopia Yilkal Wassie Ayen Abstract- Microfinance and microcredit is a recent development issue and one of the mechanisms to empower poor people in rural Ethiopia.
Microfinance interventions may empower women by increasing their incomes and their control over that. The Bank recognizes knowledge generation and development intervention as mutually reinforcing.
This explains the high priority that knowledge generation and dissemination has received lately at the Bank, so as to ensure that lessons and development experiences provide direct feedback into the identification of research priorities.