References and Further Reading 1. We may define metaethics as the study of the origin and meaning of ethical concepts.
Support Aeon Donate now When Halloween rolled around last year, my wife and I were prepared to be greeted by scores of eager trick-or-treaters. Guided by the thought that too much candy was better than too little, we bought entirely too much, and simply poured the excess on to a platter in our living room.
I have a sweet-tooth. When I returned from work that evening, I noticed the platter was empty. Just like that, my cycle of transgression and guilt was broken. The first is that I did not overcome my vice so much as manage it.
While Plato and Aristotle were concerned with character-centred virtue ethics, the Aztec approach is perhaps better described as socially-centred virtue ethics.
Instead, according to the Aztecs, we should look around to our family and friends, as well as our ordinary rituals or routines, if we hope to lead a better, more worthwhile existence. This distinction bears on an important question: Must Moral differences people be moral saints, or can ordinary folk be good if we have the right kind of support?
This matters for fallible creatures, like me, who try to be good but often run into problems.
Yet it also matters for questions of inclusivity. If being good requires exceptional traits, such as practical intelligence, then many people would be excluded — such as those with cognitive disabilities. That does not seem right. One of the advantages of the Aztec view, then, is that it avoids this outcome by casting virtue as a cooperative, rather than an individual, endeavour.
At its core, Aztec virtue ethics has three main elements. Second is the idea of right action as the mean or middle way.
When I speak about the Aztecs — the people dominant in large parts of central America prior to the 16th-century Spanish conquest — even professional philosophers are often surprised to learn that the Aztecs were a philosophical culture.
While a few of the pre-colonial hieroglyphic-type books survived the Spanish bonfires, our main sources of knowledge derive from records made by Catholic priests, up to the early 17th century. Using the Latin alphabet, these texts record the statements of tlamatinime, the indigenous philosophers, on matters as diverse as bird-flight patterns, moral virtue, and the structure of the cosmos.
This particular section records the speeches following the appointment of a new king, when the noblemen appear to compete for the most eloquent articulation of what an ideal monarch should be and do. He tries to articulate the character of excellent men and women, the standard he expects from his subjects.
Of men, he says: And he is revered; in truth [nelli], he is taken to be a defender and sustainer. He becomes like the silk cotton tree, like the cypress tree, by which everywhere people take refuge … [Yet] this same [virtuous] one weeps and sorrows.
Is there anyone who does not wish for happiness? Elsewhere, the meaning is clarified: A better goal, then, is to try to lead a rooted life, which they called neltiliztli: In this kind of life, one is able to manage the mistakes and slip-ups well, rather than avoid them altogether. The reward is not happiness necessarily, but the promise of a worthwhile life.
For the Aztecs, a rooted life is one that is lived well, with excellence. Our word finds its origin in the Latin virtu, a metonymic expression that aims to capture what is best about a man vir — manliness, in brief.Our Endangered Values: America's Moral Crisis [Jimmy Carter] on leslutinsduphoenix.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
President Jimmy Carter offers a passionate defense of separation of church and state. He warns that fundamentalists are deliberately blurring the lines between politics and religion.
As a believing Christian.
Nov 23, · Owing to these differences in our cultural circumstances, Anjali and I need very different moral truths to live by, in order to navigate the specific moral options that we face. Notes on In a Different Voice by Carol Gilligan How do people make decisions about morality?
Gilligan has found that men and women use fundamentally different approaches. And since men have dominated the discussion of moral theory, women's perspective is often not taken seriously, and is considered to be less developed and .
Moral Foundations Theory was created by a group of social and cultural psychologists (see us here) to understand why morality varies so much across cultures yet still shows so many similarities and recurrent leslutinsduphoenix.com brief, the theory proposes that several innate and universally available psychological systems are the foundations of “intuitive ethics.”.
Our Endangered Values: America's Moral Crisis [Jimmy Carter] on leslutinsduphoenix.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
President Jimmy Carter offers a passionate defense of separation of church and state. He warns that fundamentalists are deliberately blurring the lines between politics and religion. As a believing Christian. Sep 10, · Against Empathy from Boston Review. Most people see the benefits of empathy as too obvious to require justification.