The Era of Reform Question The years between and in the United States might be described as one long era of reform, marked by the predominant desire to purify individuals and society at large. To what extent do you agree with this statement? Answer The reform movements that arose during the antebellum period in America focused on specific issues: Universal Reform All these causes did not arise at the same time, but were added or fully articulated one by one.
Abolitionist Movement, reform movement during the 18th and 19th centuries. Often called the antislavery movement, it sought to end the enslavement of Africans and people of African descent in Europe, the Americas, and Africa itself see Slavery in Africa.
It also aimed to end the Atlantic slave trade carried out in the Atlantic Ocean between Africa, Europe, and the Americas.
The historical roots of abolitionism lay in black resistance to slavery. Such resistance began during the 15th century as Africans enslaved by Europeans often sought to kill their captors or themselves.
By the late s Christian morality, new ideas about liberty and human rights that came about as a result of the American and French revolutions, and economic changes led to an effort among blacks and whites to end human bondage.
Those who employed slave labor in the Americas resisted abolitionist efforts. First, slaveholders believed that their economic prosperity demanded the continuation of slavery. In order to work the large plantations in the Americas, huge amounts of labor were required. African slaves were cheaper and more readily available than white indentured laborers from Europe, and because they already had some immunity to European diseases, Africans were less likely to die from those diseases than were Native Americans.
Second, employers of slave labor feared for their own safety if the slaves were freed. Due to the large number of slaves brought to the Americas, several regions had slave majorities.
Slave owners worried that if slaves were suddenly freed, they might take over or exact revenge on their former masters. Although abolitionism existed in Europe and in the American colonies of several European nations, the struggle between antislavery and proslavery forces was most protracted, bitter, and bloody in the United States.
As a result of the abolitionist movement, the institution of slavery ceased to exist in Europe and the Americas byalthough it was not completely legally abolished in Africa until the first quarter of the 20th century.
While the abolitionist movement's greatest achievement was certainly the liberation of millions of black people from servitude, it also reflected the triumph of modern ideas of freedom and human rights over older social forms based on privileged elites and social stratification.
The Atlantic slave trade began in Africa in the mids and lasted into the 19th century. Initially, Portuguese traders purchased small numbers of slaves from kingdoms on the western coast of Africa and transported them for sale in Portugal and Spain.
The Atlantic slave trade did not become a huge enterprise until after European nations began colonizing the Americas during the s. During the s the Dutch pushed the Portuguese out of the trade and then contested the British and French for control of it. By Britain had emerged as the dominant slave-trading nation.
In all, the trade brought more than 10 million Africans to America, and at least another 1 million Africans died in passage. The brutality of the Atlantic slave trade and of slavery itself played an important role in the origins of the abolitionist movement.
Those subjected to the trade suffered horribly:Often called the antislavery movement, it sought to end the. slavery. Although not all revivalists were abolitionists, during the midth. century the abolitionist movement acquired a new urgency and energy. because of their support.
During the early 19th century, such.
What Happened to the Women’s Movement? by Barbara Epstein (May 01, ) Topics: Feminism, Movements, Philosophy. Barbara Epstein is a close friend and supporter of Monthly Review, which took place in the latter part of the nineteenth and the early twentieth century, was almost wiped from historical memory during the four-decade interlude.
As the 19th century began, classical liberalism — or just liberalism, as the philosophy of freedom was then known — was the specter haunting Europe — and the world.
In every advanced country the liberal movement was active. While the socialist and utopian movements that fueled that tradition in the early decades of the nineteenth century did not persist as the main carriers of women’s rights, in the later decades of the century new movements emerged to take their place--and carried many of those early ideas into the twentieth century.
The Early Movement. The Abolition of the Slave Trade. By century’s end, abolitionism seemed to have reached something of an impasse on both sides of the Atlantic.
Inhuman Bondage: The Rise and Fall of Slavery in the New World.
Oxford: Oxford University Press, Drescher, Seymour. Capitalism and Antislavery: British Mobilisation in. The colonizationist movement of the early nineteenth century had drawn together a broad political spectrum of Americans with its promise of gradually ending slavery in the United States by removing the free black population from North America.