Cultural nationalists emphasize heritage or culture, rather than race or ethnicity or institutions of statehood.
Literature and Terrorism In an age of terror, how does literature help us transcend our reality, lend perspective to our confusion by pulling us into the past and other cultures, and give expression to our anguish and fear through catharsis? They survived it; so can we.
In this course we will define terrorism the way the Arabs define it, as any organized violence, by an individual, group or state, legitimate or illegitimate, against a civilian population, either intentional or unintentional.
Black Water is both a personal and stylistic meditation on terror as well as an indirect indictment of the terror a powerful political leader has over an innocent civilian. Sometimes real life provides so much terror that the reader hides in literature for escape, seeking fantasy, happy endings, funny, harmless stories that eschew the turmoil of an unlivable situation.
No one can take too much of one thing. When New Yorkers were coughing from the smoke and toxins downtown, they did not go to the movies to see sci fi representations of Manhattan blowing up. But literature is different from film because we can choose when and how often to put the book down.
Instead of watching a naturalistic representation, we recreate the story in our minds to excite, soothe or incite us.
Many of the writers we will study had personal experience of a world war, the holocaust, the Israeli checkpoints, prison for their writings or gender brutality such as clitorectomies. Some could not write for years afterwards; others wrote on toilet paper in prison.
It is significant that terrorism demands a certain amount of intelligence in order to achieve its devastating effect. I also believe that it is stultifying to repress critical reflection on difference to be politically correct.
Not only does it make us oblivious to the richness of difference, but we also lose our sense of humor. One of the most influential persons of the twentieth century was Albert Einstein, not only for his theories on relativity, but because he revolutionized the way humans perceive time and space in all domains from art and literature to atomic warfare.
No Exit is a good way to explore basic dramaturgy: In terms of content, it deals with the German occupation of France during world war II, and the Empire drawing room satirizes the stultifying life of the French bourgeoisie in contrast to the new Marxism Sartre probably misunderstood.
It is the most accessible introduction to the philosophy of existentialism, existence precedes essence, in contrast to the Cartesian saying, "I think, therefore I am. He popularized existentialism with sayings such as "I am therefore I think," "Man is nothing more than the sum of his actions," and "Hell is other people.
Both works are essential to an understanding of their times, and yet they transcend their times so that they speak to us now in the darkest moments of our war on terror. The Plague introduces us to the formal elements that make a good novel, the third person narrative that clinically but compassionately describes the struggles of Dr.
Rieux to help Oran survive the plague. Unlike drama, description and narration assume paramount importance as the world transforms from before plague, to plague, to post-plague.LITERATURE AND SOCIETYInterest in the relationship between literature and society is hardly a new phenomenon.
We still read and refer to the ancient Greeks in this regard. In The Republic, for example, Plato presages both Mme. de Staël's treatise of , which was the first to discuss cross-national differences in literature, and later notions of literary reflection with his idea of imitation.
17th-century French literature was written throughout the Grand Singer of France, spanning the reigns of Henry IV of France, the Regency of Marie de Medici, Louis XIII of France, the Regency of Anne of Austria (and the civil war called the Fronde) and the reign of Louis XIV of France.
History of Europe - Romanticism in literature and the arts: The fundamental Romantic purpose was to grasp and render the many kinds of experience that Classicism had neglected or had stylized.
Romanticism was the first upsurge of realism—exploratory and imaginative as to subject matter and inventive as to forms and techniques. The . Hegel: Social and Political Thought. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel () is one of the greatest systematic thinkers in the history of Western philosophy.
French literature - From to Literature in the second half of the 19th century continued a natural expansion of trends already established in the first half.
Intellectuals and artists remained acutely aware of the same essential problems. They continued to use the language of universalism, addressing themselves to the nature of man, his . Dec. 17, (former) French tycoon, Jean-Marie Messier, then CEO of Vivendi Universal Entertainment declared from New York "the exception culturelle is a Franco-French archaism " to the horror of the entire French cultural establishment and political class (the President of France qualified this analysis as "a mental aberration").