Increasing technology may result in labour saving and actually reducing the need for labour. Additionally, if the industry declines, demand for labour will fall Trickle down has been criticised; higher incomes earned in the industrial sector will not necessarily be saved and invested. Capital and human capital investment education Improving health and sanitation Relieving poverty through rural regeneration, and assistance to women World Bank Large donor countries such as the US or Japan or EU tend to dominate multilateral aid agencies such as the World Bank created at the Bretton Woods conference in The World Bank does not give grants gifts of money but borrows at the prime rate from MEDCs and relends at a slightly higher rate to LEDCs and must be repaid: They are designed to provide the technical and managerial skills which may be missing in the LEDCs An estimatedconsultants from MDCs are working in African countries, many are doing jobs which could be done by local people Conditionality Loans and aid from large agencies is often conditional on changes in government policy in the recipient country IMF's SAP is a good example of this, encouraging:
The Mainstream Debate —— Richard M. The bag which was adorned with the Fair Trade certified logo, did not explain the meaning of Fair Trade. Consumers were directed to a website or a phone number to get more information.
However, the bag did say the following: A good cup of coffee can change your day. A great cup of coffee can help change the world. By supporting farming communities, promoting sound environmental practices and sourcing only the highest quality beans we work to ensure that everyone who comes in contact with our coffee benefits.
So while you appreciate the results in your cup, you can also rest assured that this coffee has had a positive impact on every person it has touched which to us makes these little beans a pretty big deal.
The main premise of Fair Trade was that farmers were given a guaranteed "fair price" for their coffee, a guarantee that became particularly appealing to farmers in the late s and early s when the price of coffee fell below the cost of production. For knowledgeable consumers, this was a positive reinforcement knowing that they were helping a social cause even though it was not clear on any bag of Fair Trade coffee just how much farmers were being paid and how much they were profiting.
Based in Bonn, Germany, FLO was an umbrella organization that united 20 labeling initiatives in 21 countries and producer networks. But with a market share of less than 3.
Pressures were mounting inside and outside the organization to grow market share for Fair Trade certified coffee, and stakeholders were divided on how best to do this.
One potential growth strategy under discussion was mainstreaming Fair Trade coffee into non-specialty brands like Folgers and Maxwell House that were sold in large supermarkets.
Many in the industry believed that scaling up by mainstreaming was the most important strategy for the future of Fair Trade and promised the greatest welfare gains. In addition to growth through access to larger markets, mainstreaming had the potential to increase efficiencies with scale economies.
But there were many skeptics who questioned the whole idea of mainstreaming.
Could Fair Trade be scaled up without compromising the economic and social standards that were at the heart of the Fair Trade movement? Would Fair Trade coffee ever be more than a successful niche market and should it? As one leader at Oxfam pointed out, "If too many producers try to move into this segment of the market, it would cease to be a niche capable of commanding high prices.
Coffee Industry Coffee was the world's second most valuably traded commodity, second only to oil. More than 2 billion cups of coffee were consumed every day. An estimated million families in more than 50 developing countries produced and sold coffee.Economic Growth and Trade.
Development Credit Authority; Economic Policy and Analysis; Economic Growth and Trade. The DRC’s Coffee Might Be Served at a Starbucks Near You.
Support the integration of more than 28 countries into the World Trade Organization, facilitating fair trade among countries, including many countries in . Fair trade organisations will also end up doing more harm than good for the very poorest when they campaign against trade liberalisation, one of the best ways of promoting long-term economic growth in the developing world.
Worksheet Terms of Trade and the Balance of Payments | | Chapter 26 - Introduction to economic development (Units , ) Worksheet Myths About Economic Development [Word] | [PDF].
NGOs are active in all areas of trade, from the international to the local level. Our small sample highlights major international NGOs or NGO alliances working on such issues as trade policy and negotiations, economic development for poor communities, financing and training of businesses.
Over the year, several types of fair trade-type certification initiatives have emerged: fair trade helps farmers in the south, it stimulates social development and it .
The Fair Trade Foundation web site explains fair trade as follows: "Fairtrade is about better prices, decent working conditions, local sustainability, and fair terms of trade for farmers and workers in the developing world.