Strategies Targets and agents of change e. The plan should be complete, clear, and current. Additionally, the action plan should include information and ideas you have already gathered while brainstorming about your objectives and your strategies. What are the steps you must take to carry out your objectives while still fulfilling your vision and mission?
Community Action Planning MicroPlanning This approach was developed by the authors during their collaborative work over the past 15 years. Their participatory Community action plan catalyzed in Sri Lanka as part of the Million Houses Program, a national-scale participatory program internationally applauded.
In Sri Lanka it was applied nationwide and has become a model emulated in programs internationally. The key element of Community Action Planning CAP is an active, intense community-based workshop, carried out over a period of 2 to 5 days, depending on the specific goals of the workshop.
The output of the workshops is a development plan which includes a list of prioritized problems, strategies and options for dealing with the problems, and a rudimentary work program describing who, when and what is to be done. Integral to the method is the equal relation between the professional technical inputs and the community.
The setup for the workshop requires a minimum of preparation, materials and training. Much of the preparation is done by the community. A designated person often takes responsibility for the logistics.
Moderators need not be highly skilled and can adapt the style and content to suit their own temperament and the prevailing circumstances. Materials required are limited to markers of some kind, large sheets of paper any kind: The location should be in the community and accessible, rather than in government offices.
Example locations have included formal classrooms to sitting on the ground with the back of a makeshift store as display space. This offers familiarity to participants, emphasizes the bias toward the community, and allows instant corroboration of issues.
The start to the process is problems definition. The process adopts four general stages of work: What are the problems? What approaches and actions are most suitable to deal with problems?
Who does what, when and how, and how to get it going? How is it working and what can we learn? A variation of this stage is sometimes included in Stage 1 in identifying problems. The charts are prepared on large pieces of paper for display purposes and with a minimum of formality to highlight the working nature of the sessions.
They remain with the community as a record of discussions and agreements. At the conclusion, the community has a prioritized list of problems, a plan of action for implementation for key agreed options and an appointed person to liaison with authorities.
Participants at the workshop include a cross-section of community representatives, technical officers from the various departments sanitation, water, housing, health, education, dependent on the nature of the municipality organization. The facilitator plays a key role as moderator and must have the confidence of all participants.
The original handbook explaining Community Action Planning at that time called Microplanning was prepared for the National Housing Development Authority of the Government of Sri Lanka and for its technical staff.
The handbook was later expanded with the addition of a frontispiece on the conceptual background, a section describing the workshop dynamics in Santiago, Chile, and a section on assessing the impact one year after MicroPlanning workshops were held in four communities. It has not been successful in Boston because of the underlying political commitment required.
There local authorities feared that the outcomes would not match official expectations, despite their funding of the preparation of a locally-oriented handbook. The process is flexible and variations of the approach with their explanatory handbooks have been prepared to address specific circumstances.
In Bangladesh a version was prepared that linked training of local technical officers, participatory community upgrading, and the on-going strategic planning effort in Dhaka and Chittagong. In South Africa the method is being used as part of the township upgrading, and a pilot project was undertaken in Schweizer-Reneke, North-West Province, with subsequent workshops in the planning stages.
A summary of the guidebook prepared from the workshop is included. In all cases where community action planning was used the fundamentals were retained: A community based process in programming and development.Helping communities meet housing needs and connecting people with housing assistance.
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