Canada officially played the role of neutral peacemaker, but secretly backed the American effort in Vietnam. A South Vietnamese soldier stands on his tank to survey the situation at Xom Suoi, about 20 miles north of Saigon, on 7 February
For instance, Canada was a founding member of NATOand was instrumental in the forming of that military alliance against the Soviet Union and its satellites.
Canada's foreign policy was also committed to multilateralism and the United Nations, perhaps most noticeably under Lester B. Pearson from to Canada thus found itself in a difficult position, caught between these two foreign policy objectives. Canadians were hesitant to adopt the Truman or Eisenhower Doctrineswhich held that communism itself must be actively opposed through foreign intervention.
Instead, Canada's policy was that illegal acts of international aggression must be opposed, as in the Korean Warduring which Canada was among the many countries that sent troops to fight in support of South Korea, under a United Nations resolution.
During the First Indochina War between France and the Indo-Chinese nationalist and communist parties, Canada remained militarily uninvolved but provided modest diplomatic and economic support to the French. Canada was, however, part of the International Control Commission along with Poland and India that oversaw the Geneva Agreements that divided Vietnam, provided for French withdrawal and would have instituted elections for reunification by Behind the scenes, Canadian diplomats tried to discourage both France and the United States from escalating the conflict in a part of the world Canadians had decided was not strategically vital.
It had to involve cultural and trade ties in addition to a military alliance. It had to demonstrably meet the will of the people in the countries involved.
Other free Asian states had to support it directly or in principle. France had to refer the conflict to United Nations. Any multilateral action must conform to the UN charter.
Any action had to be divorced from all elements of colonialism. However, the Canadian negotiators were strongly on the side of the Americans.
One representative Blair Seaborn, younger brother of Robert Seaborn was even involved in secretly exchanging messages between the U.
Canada also sent foreign aid to South Vietnam, which, while humanitarian, was directed by the Americans. In Canada unemployment fell to record low levels of 3.
The first official response to the economic support being given to the United States military from the government was by Lester B. Pearson on March 10, that the embargo of goods to their southern ally was "necessary and logical" due to the extreme integration of both economies and in doing so would also be a notice of withdrawal from North American defense arrangements.
In a perhaps apocryphal story, when a furious President Lyndon B. Johnson met with Pearson the next day, he grabbed the much smaller Canadian by his lapels and talked angrily with him for an hour.
After this incident, the two men somehow found ways to resolve their differences over the war—in fact, they both had further contacts, including meeting together in Canada two times afterward.
This changed in Deserterson the other hand, were predominantly sons of the lower-income and working classes who had been inducted into the armed services directly from high school or who had volunteered, hoping to obtain a skill and broaden their limited horizons.
Because they were not formally classified as refugees but were admitted as immigrants, there is no official estimate of how many draft dodgers and deserters were admitted to Canada during the Vietnam War. One informed estimate puts their number between 30, and 40, Estimates vary greatly as to how many Americans settled in Canada for the specific reason of dodging the draft or "evading conscription ," as opposed to desertionor other reasons.
Canadian immigration statistics show that 20, to 30, draft-eligible American men came to Canada as immigrants during the Vietnam era. The BBC stated that "as many as 60, young American men dodged the draft.
They were at first assisted by the Student Union for Peace Action, a campus-based Canadian anti-war group with connections to Students for a Democratic Society. Canadian immigration policy at the time made it easy for immigrants from all countries to obtain legal status in Canada.
These new arrivals tended to balance the " brain drain " that Canada had experienced. While some draft dodgers returned to the United States after a pardon was declared in during the administration of Jimmy Carterroughly half of them stayed in Canada.
Jim Green — Vancouver city councillor and mayoral candidate Michael Wolfson — former assistant chief statistician at Statistics Canada  Dan Murphy — political cartoonist.The bloody Vietnam War of the ’s was fought by the courageous American military personnels with the aid of the Canadian citizens.
Though. beginnings claim that Canada had a limited sum of part in the war. facts province otherwise. (The Associated Press) Vietnam may have been America's war but Canada was heavily involved — for and against.
Canada harboured roughly 30, American draft dodgers.
The Vietnam War took place during the Cold War era where a military conflict had occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from November 1 to April 30 Canada became officially involved in the Vietnam conflict in , as part of the International Commission for Supervision and Control in Vietnam.
The Vietnam War continued to resonate in Canada long after the war was over. Vietnamese boat people [ edit ] After the fall of South Vietnam in April , hundreds of thousands of refugees, called boat people, fled Vietnam and adjacent nations.
But while Canada was a non-belligerent nation, and the populace was largely against the war, the government was more involved than many realize. Diplomatic Aid From to , Canada was a member of the International Control Commission, which oversaw truce agreements in Vietnam and was limited to neutral nations. (The Associated Press) Vietnam may have been America's war but Canada was heavily involved — for and against. Canada harboured roughly 30, American draft dodgers. The Vietnam War took place during the Cold War era where a military conflict had occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from November 1 to April 30 Canada became officially involved in the Vietnam conflict in , as part of the International Commission for Supervision and Control in Vietnam.
During the Vietnam War, Canada gained more of a reputation as a haven for draft dodgers and deserters than it did as a source of volunteers.
It is estimated that , Americans fled to Canada during the war, in order to avoid military service. Draft dodger is a nickname for Americans who were of age to get drafted but instead "Dodged the Draft" by moving into Canada where you didnt have to go to war.
The number of Draft Age Americans that immigrated to Canada during the Vietnam war era was between 20 to 30 Americans.