He was depicted as either an older, bearded god or an effeminate, long-haired youth. His attributes included the thyrsos a pine-cone tipped staffa drinking cup and a crown of ivy. He was usually accompanied by a troop of Satyrs and Mainades wild female devotees. During the course of her pregnancy, the god's jealous wife Hera tricked Semele into asking Zeus to appear before her in his full glory.
See Article History Alternative Titles: Bacchus, Bromios, Liber Pater, Taurokeros, Tauroprosopos Dionysus, also spelled Dionysos, also called Bacchus or in Rome Liber Pater, in Greco-Roman religion, a nature god of fruitfulness and vegetation, especially known as a god of wine and ecstasy.
The occurrence of his name on a Linear B tablet 13th century bce shows that he was already worshipped in the Mycenaean period, although it is not known where his cult originated. In all the legends of his cult, he is depicted as having foreign origins. Zeus complied, but his power was too great for the mortal Semele, who was blasted with thunderbolts.
However, Zeus saved his son by sewing him up in his thigh and keeping him there until he reached maturity, so that he was twice born. Dionysus was then conveyed by the god Hermes to be brought up by the bacchantes maenadsor thyiads of Nysa, a purely imaginary spot.
Dionysus and the Maenads, amphora by the Amasis Painter, c. Hirmer Fotoarchiv, Munich As Dionysus apparently represented the sap, juice, or lifeblood element in nature, lavish festal orgia rites in his honour were widely instituted.
These Dionysia Bacchanalia quickly won converts among women.
Men, however, met them with hostility. In Thrace Dionysus was opposed by Lycurgus, who ended up blind and mad. The central figure is Dionysus, seated on the back of a panther. In the left foreground are the male figures representing Winter and Spring, and to the right of Dionysus are the male figures representing Summer and Fall.
The remaining figures shown are other objects and personages associated with the Bacchic cult. Photograph by Margaret Pierson. DionysusDionysus, seated, with a wine cup, bas-relief sculpture; in the National Archaeological Museum, Naples.
But his heart was saved by Athenaand he now Dionysus was resurrected by Zeus through Semele. Zeus struck the Titans with lightning, and they were consumed by fire. From their ashes came the first humans, who thus possessed both the evil nature of the Titans and the divine nature of the gods.
DionysusGreek krater depicting Dionysus with grapevine in a sailboat surrounded by dolphins, bce. Performances of tragedy and comedy in Athens were part of two festivals of Dionysus, the Lenaea and the Great or City Dionysia.
Dionysus was also honoured in lyric poems called dithyrambs.Dionysus's birth is premature, so Zeus sews him into his thigh until the godling is fully developed. When the time is right, baby Dionysus hops out of from his dad's leg like a pie out of an Easy-Bake Oven, ready to rock the world.
Mythology Summary and Analysis of Persephone; Dionysus (Bacchus) Buy Study Guide Demeter, goddess of the corn and harvest, has one daughter, Persephone, the maiden of spring. Dionysus The Story of Dionysus The mythical story and history of Dionysus by E.M. Berens.
The Mythical Story of Dionysus Dionysus, also called Bacchus (from bacca, berry), was the god of wine, and the personification of the blessings of Nature in general. Dionysus was the son of Zeus and Semele, and he was the only god with a mortal parent.
Zeus went to Semele in the night, unseen by human eyes, but could be felt as a divine presence. Semele was pleased to be the lover of a god, even though she did not know which one.
Dionysus: Dionysus, also called Bacchus, in Greco-Roman religion, a nature god of fruitfulness and vegetation, especially known as a god of wine and ecstasy. In early Greek art he was represented as a bearded man, but later he was portrayed as youthful and effeminate. Learn more about Dionysus in .
The Mythology study guide contains a biography of Edith Hamilton, literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis of the major Greek myths and Western mythology.