Graphics are not included. Tankers carrying North Slope crude oil had safely transited Prince William Sound more than 8, times in the 12 years since oil began flowing through the trans-Alaska pipeline, with no major disasters and few serious incidents. This experience gave little reason to suspect impending disaster. Yet less than three hours later, the Exxon Valdez grounded at Bligh Reef, rupturing eight of its 11 cargo tanks and spewing some
Posted on July 2, by lilly Background: An oil tanker from Exxon which named Exxon Valdez happened oil spill crisis on Friday, March 24, At that moment, Exxon was ranked in the top five largest companies in America.
He disliked publicity and the media. The captain for Exxon Valdez on that night was Joseph Hazelwood. He was considered to be an experienced captain.
However, he left his post when the oil tanker headed for Bligh Reef. Third Mate Gregory Cousins who was in charge of Exxon Valdez waited too long to get the order about turning direction for the oil tanker, as a result; the tanker had run aground on the rocks with ripping open a huge hole in its hull.
After the oil tanker hit reef, it leaked massive crude oil in Prince William Sound. Prince William Sound was abundance of sea life. As a result, the crude oil spill not only polluted the environment around Alaska, it also had a negative impact on sea life in Sound.
Besides that, people had a fear to travel to Alaska. The strength for Exxon to handle the crisis was that Exxon was such a big company that it could afford the loss and compassion for the oil spill.
Don Cornet clearly realized and analyzed the situation and looked ahead to a long-term future. The weakness was Exxon did not have a public relation manager in the company before the oil spill happened. It would make Exxon hard to early find the prodromes and shortly prevent the crisis. The opportunity for the company to cope with the crisis was Exxon had already set up animal rescue centers on Veldez.
It was easy for Exxon to save the sea life. The threat for the company to handle the crisis was that the corporate culture was not good. Rawl did not like publicity and the media. It hindered the communication between Exxon and the public.
On the other hand, the employees thought the company cut the crews and made employees worked too long. This would made the public reconsidered about Exxon and damaged the image of Exxon. After the crisis happened, different departments in the Exxon had done lots of measures to handle the crisis.
The immediate strategy was to clean the crude oil up as quickly as possible and recover normalcy to Alaska. Iarossi fired the captain of Exxon Veldez—Hazelwood. Cornet set up a media center in Valdez for reporters and photographers.
Don Cornet reported the situation to the head of public affairs and swiftly arrived at the Alaska. Iarossi held a press conference. Manson referred a public relations agency in Anchorage to help cope with bad impact on the seafood industry in Alaska. The media tours and guidelines were planed to the Exxon animal rescue centers.
After the crisis struck, the different strategies in the company received different responds from the public. When Irsossi blamed Captain Hazelwood and Third Mate Cousins, some Exxon employees thought that the corporate also had its own problems.
The over fatigue to work for the company was responsible for the accident. When CEO Rawl did not care about the crisis, the media, the fishermen, the environmentalists, and the public were angry.Nov 13, · An oil-covered bird was among the victims in Alaska’s Prince William Sound after the Exxon Valdez tanker ran aground in April (Associated Press).
When The Mermaids Cry: The Great Plastic Tide. By Claire Le Guern. Last updated in March Introduction. The world population is living, working, vacationing, increasingly conglomerating along the coasts, and standing on the front row of the greatest, most unprecedented, plastic waste tide ever faced.
Offshore oil spill prevention and response is the study and practice of reducing the number of offshore incidents that release oil or hazardous substances into the environment and limiting the amount released during those incidents..
Important aspects of prevention include technological assessment of equipment and procedures, and protocols for training, inspection, and contingency plans for. INTRODUCTION. The world depends on oil.
Vast amount is used, transported, processed and stored around the world. In , the total world consumption of petroleum was over billion liters per day. Dall's porpoise, Phocoenoides dalli, are a conspicuous predator in the Prince William Sound ecosystem, yet there has been little effort directed towards monitoring this species since the s, prior to the Exxon Valdez oil spill.
We used vessel-based surveys to examine the seasonal distribution of Dall's porpoise in the waters of Prince William Sound during eight years from to The Exxon Valdez Oil Spill Trustee Council, a council of government agencies formed to assess the impact of the spill for recovery purposes, concluded that pink salmon in Prince William Sound were damaged by the oil, based on investigations of the Alaska Department of Fish and Game and the National Marine Fisheries Service.