A biography of st peter claver

Pilgrimages - Journeys made to some place with the purpose of venerating it, or in order to ask there for supernatural aid, or to discharge some religious obligation.

A biography of st peter claver

The Spanish "company" would be translated into Latin as societas like in socius, a partner or comrade. From this came "Society of Jesus" SJ by which they would be known more widely.

Ignatius of Loyola and his followers appropriated the name of Jesus for their new order, provoking resentment by other religious who considered it presumptuous.

Association with Jesus

Both on the Continent and in England, it was denounced as blasphemous; petitions were sent to kings and to civil and ecclesiastical tribunals to have it changed; and even Pope Sixtus V had signed a Brief to do away with it.

Pope Paul III gave them a commendation, and permitted them to be ordained priests. These initial steps led to the official founding in They were ordained in Venice by the bishop of Arbe 24 June.

They devoted themselves to preaching and charitable work in Italy. Again inthey presented the project to Paul III. After months of dispute, a congregation of cardinals reported favourably upon the Constitution presented, and Paul III confirmed the order through the bull Regimini militantis ecclesiae "To the Government of the Church Militant"on 27 September This is the founding document of the Society of Jesus as an official Catholic religious order.

Ignatius was chosen as the first Superior General. First, they founded schools throughout Europe. Jesuit teachers were trained in both classical studies and theologyand their schools reflected this. Second, they sent out missionaries across the globe to evangelize those peoples who had not yet heard the Gospelfounding missions in widely diverse regions such as modern-day ParaguayJapanOntarioand Ethiopia.

One of the original seven arrived in India already in The zeal of the Jesuits overcame the movement toward Protestantism in the Polish—Lithuanian Commonwealth and southern Germany. Ignatius wrote the Jesuit Constitutions, adopted inwhich created a centralised organization and stressed acceptance of any mission to which the Pope might call them.

This phrase is designed to reflect the idea that any work that is not evil can be meritorious for the spiritual life if it is performed with this intention, even things normally considered of little importance. The term "Jesuit" of 15th-century origin, meaning one who used too frequently or appropriated the name of Jesus was first applied to the society in reproach — Ignatius and the early Jesuits did recognize, though, that the hierarchical church was in dire need of reform.

Some of their greatest struggles were against corruption, venalityand spiritual lassitude within the Catholic Church. Ignatius insisted on a high level of academic preparation for the clergy in contrast to the relatively poor education of much of the clergy of his time.

And the Jesuit vow against "ambitioning prelacies" can be seen as an effort to counteract another problem evidenced in the preceding century. One of the main tools the Jesuits have used to bring about this conversion is the Ignatian retreat, called the Spiritual Exercises.

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During a four-week period of silence, individuals undergo a series of directed meditations on the purpose of life and contemplations on the life of Christ.

They meet regularly with a spiritual director who guides their choice of exercises and helps them to develop a more discerning love for Christ.

The retreat follows a "Purgative-Illuminative-Unitive" pattern in the tradition of the spirituality of John Cassian and the Desert Fathers. Further, he used it as a means of rebuilding the spiritual life of the church. The Exercises became both the basis for the training of Jesuits and one of the essential ministries of the order: A precursor to liberal educationthe Jesuit plan of studies incorporated the Classical teachings of Renaissance humanism into the Scholastic structure of Catholic thought.

In addition to the teachings of faiththe Jesuit Ratio Studiorum would standardize the study of LatinGreekclassical literature, poetry, and philosophy as well as non-European languages, sciences, and the arts.

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Furthermore, Jesuit schools encouraged the study of vernacular literature and rhetoricand thereby became important centres for the training of lawyers and public officials.

The Jesuit schools played an important part in winning back to Catholicism a number of European countries which had for a time been predominantly Protestant, notably Poland and Lithuania.This list represents only a tiny fraction of articles available on the New Advent website.

For a more complete list, please see the full index for P or use the search box at the top of this page..

Catholic churches and Mass centres

Pachomius, Saint - Hermit who founded a cenobitical community, d. Some speculation on how and why St. Pachomius came up with the idea of the cenobitical life.

The Parish's Library, named in honour of Pope John Paul II, was opened by the then Monsignor Mark Davies V.G. on Sunday 15 March Containing over 2, items, the library boasts an excellent selection of books, videos, DVDs and cassettes for adults and children at all stages of their spiritual journey.

The Society of Jesus (SJ – from Latin: Societas Iesu) is a scholarly religious congregation of the Catholic Church which originated in sixteenth-century leslutinsduphoenix.com members are called Jesuits. The society is engaged in evangelization and apostolic ministry in nations on six continents.

Jesuits work in education (founding schools, . Personal History In February of , Fr. Cooper was born in the City of New Orleans into a Catholic, Sicilian family. He is the only child of two very devoted parents: a father who served as a role model and guide and a mother whose comfor. Basilica Of The Co-Cathedral Of The Sacred Heart, Charleston.

Father Robert T. Cooper - Biography

Blessed Sacrament, South Charleston. Cathedral of St. Joseph, Wheeling. St.

A biography of st peter claver

Francis Xavier: Saint Francis Xavier, one of the greatest Roman Catholic missionaries of modern times who was instrumental in the establishment of Christianity in India, the Malay Archipelago, and Japan. He was one of the first seven members of the Jesuits under the leadership of .

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